Under discussion: Mark Levin, Liberty and Tyranny: A Conservative Manifesto, Threshold Editions (2009), 256 pages
The first paragraph of the first chapter of Mark Levin’s Liberty and Tyranny: A Conservative Manifesto, the talk radio host’s latest New York Times bestseller, reads:
Those familiar with Levin’s angry screeds, name-calling and general rudeness on his radio program might be surprised at first by the comparative thoughtfulness of his book.
It’s not The Conservative Mind exactly, but Levin does mention Russell Kirk and Edmund Burke and that the talk host would even note that conservatism has neo, paleo, social and libertarian wings (popular Atlanta-based talk host Neal Boortz insists that anyone who even uses the term “neo-conservative” is anti-Semitic) gives the initial impression that Levin might be better than the average right-wing radio ranter.
The problem with right-wingers like Levin and similar hosts is that they often say much that conservatives of all stripes would agree with. Stock radio talkers tout free markets over socialism, limited government over big government, border security over illegal immigration, and, using Levin’s language, “liberty” over “tyranny,” reflect conventional, long standing concerns on the Right. For better or worse, talk radio is where conservative America lives (at least in the political sense), and for every Right-leaning citizen who knows of Kirk or Fredrick Hayek, you will find 1,000 more who have never heard of them, yet listen to Rush Limbaugh, Sean Hannity and Levin every day.
It’s no secret that the great divide between the paleo and libertarian versions of the American Right and the rest of what we still call the “conservative movement” is foreign policy. Despite the heroic efforts of Pat Buchanan and Ron Paul, and to a lesser extent the late Paul Weyrich, MSNBC’s Joe Scarborough, and a handful of other mainstream pundits, for most Americans being a conservative means being pro-war. “You can’t deny that George Bush was conservative on national security issues,” says Sean Hannity.
Understandably few Americans would disagree, as most figures they see calling themselves “conservatives” on TV, radio, or in print are the quickest and most eager to call for American intervention in foreign affairs. What the Old Right criticized as liberal, Wilsonian globalism is now considered mainstream conservatism, as defined by the most popular pundits who speak for the Right. Non-interventionists, and foreign-policy realists, who oppose utopian efforts to impose democracy militarily are often denounced as “liberals.” For example, about a year ago, I read a portion of a Buchanan column criticizing the Iraq war at the talk station where I’m employed here in Charleston, South Carolina. A caller asked “is this Air America radio?”
In a chapter titled “On Self-Preservation,” Levin explains how the Founders’ conservative vision for America was decidedly neo:
When the average Levin listener hears the phrases “national defense” or “national security,” he naturally thinks of current U.S. foreign policy, automatically assuming that our wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and the hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops stationed all over the world are not unnecessary occupations or imperialism as some claim, but very necessary defensive measures of the American homeland. That this might be a bizarre way of looking at the world, and that many conservatives have said so—including giants like Kirk whom Levin cites—is something the reader will never know. One even wonders if Levin knows. And Levin gives the impression that global American empire, not merely a republic in which “each state was free to act on its own,” had been the Founders intention from the beginning.
In his attempt to create a conservative defense for policing the world, Levin promotes neoconservative utopianism and imperialism by denouncing any attempts to pursue utopianism or imperialism. Confused? On the Iraq War Levin writes:
As for the utopian motives for invading Iraq, apparently Levin had forgot about Bush’s many “spreading democracy” speeches or the president’s seeming comfort that “hundreds of thousands of American servicemen and women are deployed across the world in the war on terror… bringing hope to the oppressed.” I certainly don’t remember Levin criticizing or warning of Bush’s utopianism, even for a war Levin now claims to have supported on non-utopian grounds. I have also heard Levin use similar, utopian language himself, usually in the midst of a heated pro-war rant.
As for imperialism, the subtext to Levin’s argument that “if the war in Iraq is understood as an effort” of actual defense against “real threats,” then virtually any possible future preemptive military action could qualify as “defense.” The talk radio host’s refusal to even reexamine whether Saddam Hussein was ever an actual threat is a curse that continues to plague the mainstream Right—due in large part to the glaring blindness of men like Levin. Writes The National Interest’s Jacob Heilbrunn: “the Bush administration and the neoconservatives and liberal hawks who supported the invasion didn’t just get it wrong. They got it exactly backwards. In every way possible and then some, they invented a threat that simply did not exist.”
If the obvious disaster of Iraq isn’t enough to reexamine one’s hawkish, foreign policy views, then what is? The American Conservative’s Daniel Larison’s indictment of conservatives who refuse to learn from the foreign policy mistakes of the past is custom made Levin: “Among the mainstream right, the foreign policy of the Bush administration is barely a subject of debate. Rather than reorienting Republican foreign policy towards a political center defined by realism, humility and restraint, the GOP’s leadership and activists have redoubled their commitment to Bush and Cheney’s hawkish stances and to a lock-step defense of the Bush administration’s policies.”
Lesson not learned, Levin writes approvingly of what, by all rights, should be the most discredited part of the Bush doctrine:
Throughout Liberty and Tyranny Levin uses the word “Statist” to describe what he considers the liberal agenda. But then, criticism of militarism and torture is, according to Levin, also the work of those nefarious “statists.” On waterboarding Levin writes:
On the PATRIOT Act:
That it is “statists” who question the constitutionality of the PATRIOT Act or the morality of torture makes zero sense. If he were honest, Levin would concede that increasing government power, whether by allowing it to spy on citizens or the executive branch redefining interrogation methods to circumvent the law, are inherently “statist” measures that he just happens to believe are necessary.
Levin is not stupid, and it’s almost impossible to imagine him believing his own words… But regardless, his fans do. Attending the 4th of July Tea Party here in Charleston, the crowd of roughly 1,000 were asked to register for the event, and after writing your name, address and email, a smiling woman handed you a one page copy of Levin’s 10 point “conservative manifesto.” On each point, taxation, the environment, judges, government, education, immigration, entitlements, faith and the Constitution, the vague language is something virtually all conservative could agree on. On point 8, or “foreign policy and security,” Levin is no more explicit:
Parts of Levin’s foreign policy program could be interpreted as “isolationist” (rejecting “entanglements” and “global interests”), and yet Levin’s career-long philosophy has been that there’s no use in being a superpower unless you let the rest of the world know what makes America so militarily super. It’s this jumble of appealing, traditional conservative language combined with full blown neoconservatism—an ideology even its adherents admit isn’t conducive to small government—that allows pundits like Levin to inflict so much damage on the Right.
Levin’s audience is composed of decent, patriotic folks who just want what’s best for their country. The problem is they keep looking to men like Levin to determine what that might be.
Like the first Tea Party events, the 4th of July protesters primary criticism was government spending, and yet they were circulating flyers written by a man who thought spending three trillion dollars on Iraq was not only a good idea, but would be enthusiastic about doing it again in Iran or elsewhere. I wondered what the protesters holding “Don’t Tread on Me” flags and screaming “liberty” at the tea party think the Founding Fathers would have thought of Levin’s support for preemptive war, torture, and government surveillance. According to “the great one,” the Founders would have been enthusiastically for each. Levin’s warnings about the dangers of “utopianism” in foreign policy are almost laughable, when you consider his closest radio comrade Sean Hannity, still praises Bush for “liberating” Iraqis.
<iframe src=“http://rcm.amazon.com/e/cm?lt1=_blank&bc1=000000&IS2=1&bg1=FFFFFF&fc1=000000&lc1=0000FF&t=taksmag-20&o=1&p=8&l=as1&m=amazon&f=ifr&md=10FE9736YVPPT7A0FBG2&asins=1416562850” style=“FLOAT: right; MARGIN: 0px 0px 10px 10px; WIDTH: 120px; CURSOR: hand; HEIGHT: 240px” alt=”“></iframe>“Hey Jack!” said one man at the tea party, “you read Liberty and Tyranny? It’s great, man!” I just nodded. “I like a lot of what you say Jack” he added, “but you’re so wrong about the war. America is doing so much good for so many people over there.” A few minutes later, another man, older, smiling and with a Southern accent even thicker than mine said, “You read Mark Levin’s book, Jack?” When I told him I had, the gentleman said “He had a lot of good things to say, but something about him, I don’t know… he doesn’t seem to get everything as much as he should.” I smiled and replied “Sir, that’s the best review of Levin’s book I’ve heard all day.”
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